Acute Cerebrovascular Conditions · Intracerebral Haemorrhage · Neurocritical Care · Neurovascular Surgery

ATACH II Follow-up Subgroup Analysis: Intensive BP Reduction Reduces Expansion of Deep ICH, But No Difference in Functional Outcome

The landmark 2016 ATACH II trial compared aggressive blood pressure lowering (110-139 mmHg) with standard BP-targets (140-180) in patients with spontaneous ICH, and found no difference between the groups. The main endpoints were mortality and functional neurological outcome (modified Rankin scale). The only discernible difference was a tendency towards less haematoma expansion in the intervention… Continue reading ATACH II Follow-up Subgroup Analysis: Intensive BP Reduction Reduces Expansion of Deep ICH, But No Difference in Functional Outcome

Acute Cerebrovascular Conditions · Cardiovascular Conditions · Haemodynamics · Intracerebral Haemorrhage · Neurocritical Care · Systemic Effects of CNS Pathology

Cardiovascular Abnormalities in ICH – a Narrative Review

Intracerebral haemorrhage is associated with a number of haemodynamic consequences. These are not just limited to arrhythmias. Lele and colleagues have summarised the most common and important ones in this review in the Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology.

Neurocritical Care · Paediatrics · Seizure Control

ConSEPT and EcLiPSE Trials: Levetiracetam Equal to Phenytoin in Efficacy for Convulsive Status Epilepticus in Children

Just a quick update on two recent trials on pharmacological treatment for status epileptics in children: Both articles were published in the Lancet this spring. ConSEPT and EcLiPSE, both high-quality trials, found levetiracetam and phenytoin to be equally effective in seizure control and similar in safety profile. The findings were be remarkably consistent across the… Continue reading ConSEPT and EcLiPSE Trials: Levetiracetam Equal to Phenytoin in Efficacy for Convulsive Status Epilepticus in Children

Coagulopathy and Bleeding · Neurocritical Care · Neurotrauma · TBI General · Traumatic Brain Injury

Impact of DOACs in TBI in the over 60s

The ever-increasing use of direct (or novel) oral anticoagulants (DOACs) has had a profound effect on primary and secondary prevention of thromboembolic events, especially in the elderly. Whilst many patients benefit from switching over to these newer drugs from older anticoagulants like warfarin, thus foregoing such nuisances as INR-guided dosing, they have also inevitably led… Continue reading Impact of DOACs in TBI in the over 60s

Acute Cerebrovascular Conditions · Air Embolism · Aneurysm Surgery · Cervical Spine Surgery · General Topics · Haemodynamics · ICP/CPP management · Intracranial Surgery General · Ischaemic Stroke · Neuroanaesthesia · Neuromonitoring · Neurovascular Surgery · Perioperative Management · Sedation · Seizure Control · Subarachnoid Haemorrhage · Thoracolumbar Spine Surgery · US Guidelines · Ventilation and Oxygenation

SNACC – How to Handle Neuroanaesthetic Emergencies

From our quality-focused colleagues at the Society for Neuroscience in Anesthesiology and Critical Care (SNACC) comes this set of guidelines for management of the most common emergencies encountered in neuroanaesthetic practice. Conceived with the purpose of addressing complex emergent issues in a concise, goal-directed and simplified manner, these cognitive aids are clear-cut and based on… Continue reading SNACC – How to Handle Neuroanaesthetic Emergencies

Fluid Management · Neuroanaesthesia · Osmotherapy · Paediatrics · Perioperative Management

Balanced Crystalloids Better Than Isotonic Saline for Craniotomy in Kids?

In this interesting trial by Lima and colleagues, with findings published recently in the Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology, the authors compare normal saline (NS) with a balanced crystalloid as a maintenance fluid for elective tumour resection in paediatric patients. Their main endpoint was change in serum chloride from baseline to end of surgery. Perhaps unsurprisingly… Continue reading Balanced Crystalloids Better Than Isotonic Saline for Craniotomy in Kids?

Acute Cerebrovascular Conditions · Ischaemic Stroke · Neurovascular Surgery

Recent study in JACC – Procedure Time in Stroke Thrombectomies Has Impact on Outcomes

Endovascular thrombectomy is a cornerstone of ischaemic stroke managament. Time from stroke to intervention has been clearly linked to functional outcome (1) and is a key metric to which much attention is devoted. But what about the duration of the procedure itself? Earlier data has suggested that length of procedure may affect functional outcomes after… Continue reading Recent study in JACC – Procedure Time in Stroke Thrombectomies Has Impact on Outcomes