General Topics · Neuroanaesthesia

Elevated serum lactate during craniotomies…

In the last issue of Journal of neurosurgical anesthesiologgy, there is an interesting article discussing elevated serum lactate during craniotomies. Brallier et al performed a retrospective cohort study of elective adult craniotomy cases (436 patients). They found that elevated intraoperative serum lactate in craniotomy patients is associated with new neurological deficits (odds ratio, 2.11) and longer length… Continue reading Elevated serum lactate during craniotomies…

Anaesthetic Agents · Awake Craniotomy · Neuroanaesthesia · Sedation

Awake Craniotomy: Useful Resources

Here’s a few resources on anaesthesia for awake craniotomies that have recently come to our attention, thanks to some of our colleagues: The first, from UpToDate, was updated this year. The second is part of the British Journal of Anaesthesia’s Continuing Education in Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain series. It dates back to 2013 but is still… Continue reading Awake Craniotomy: Useful Resources

Airway Management · Cervical Spine Injury · Traumatic Brain Injury

A Few Handy Resources on Airway Management

Patients with head- and neck injuries can have challenging airways. We often use videolaryngoscopes or flexible fibrescopes (single use scope) when performing intubation in such patients. Our colleagues in Copenhagen have put together a useful website with videos and other learning resources on that subject. They also arrange an annual  two-day airway course with a very extensive workshop. Read more… Continue reading A Few Handy Resources on Airway Management

Airway Management · Neurocritical Care · Neurotrauma · Traumatic Brain Injury

More Brain Impact Apnoea

Brain impact apnoea causes secondary brain injury.  The duration of the apnoea reflects the energy in the injury. We often see these patients in our trauma center as they come intubated. CT-scan can reveal structural brain damage or bleeding. In some pastients the CT-scan is “normal”. However, the brain may have suffered hypoxic injuries undetectable with… Continue reading More Brain Impact Apnoea

Airway Management · TBI General · Traumatic Brain Injury · Ventilation and Oxygenation

SJTREM: Physician Staffed EMS Associated With Improved Outcomes From TBI

In a recent article in the Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine by Pakkanen et al, retrospective data from a Finnish prehospital service is presented. They looked at prehospital management of severe TBI (severe head injury with GCS 8 or lower) over a 6-year period, including some 458 patients for analysis. They found a… Continue reading SJTREM: Physician Staffed EMS Associated With Improved Outcomes From TBI