Acute Cerebrovascular Conditions · Subarachnoid Haemorrhage

SJTREM – Prehospital CT for Diagnosing SAH

Recently published in the Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine by Hov et al. This article relays two case reports on successful diagnosis of SAH in a prehospital setting using a mobile CT unit. As the article reveals, this could entail significantly shortened time to meaningful intervention at a neurosurgical center, especially in… Continue reading SJTREM – Prehospital CT for Diagnosing SAH

Acute Cerebrovascular Conditions · EEG · Neuromonitoring · Subarachnoid Haemorrhage

EEG and Oxygenation in Acute Brain Injury

Really interesting article in the latest issue of JAMA Neurology: Specific EEG changes, known as periodic discharges (PDs), seem to be of value in predicting brain tissue hypoxia in vulnerable patients with acute brain injury. In this investigation, Witsch and colleagues included 90 patients with high-grade subarachnoid haemorrhage and monitored them with continuous EEG in addition to… Continue reading EEG and Oxygenation in Acute Brain Injury

Acute Cerebrovascular Conditions · Haemodynamics · Neuromonitoring · Subarachnoid Haemorrhage

Cerebral Perfusion Pressure Thresholds for Brain Tissue Hypoxia and Metabolic Crisis After Poor-Grade Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Published in 2011 by Schmidt et al (free full-text in Stroke), this article looks at CPP thresholds for cerebral hypoxia in SAH patients. They went through multimodal monitoring data for 30 patients with poor-grade SAH. Using microdialysis and brain tissue oxygenation as their main determinants of hypoxia, they found that patients with a CPP <70… Continue reading Cerebral Perfusion Pressure Thresholds for Brain Tissue Hypoxia and Metabolic Crisis After Poor-Grade Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Haemodynamics · Osmotherapy · Subarachnoid Haemorrhage · TBI General

Critical Care: Fluid Therapy in Neurological Patients

Right off the press: an open access review article from Critical Care on fluid therapy in the neurological patient. It provides a nice synopsis of the different fluid therapy paradigms that are advocated through various guidelines. The review challenges some of the tenets of basic treatment, such as empirical fluid maintenance and the definition of… Continue reading Critical Care: Fluid Therapy in Neurological Patients

Osmotherapy · Subarachnoid Haemorrhage

SAH-patients: HyperHaes and reduction in ICP (2004)

“.. infusion of 2 ml kg(-1) during 20 min has a predictable and clinically significant beneficial effect on ICP and CPP.” Predictable reduction of intracranial hypertension with hypertonic saline hydroxyethyl starch: a prospective clinical trial in critically ill patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Bentsen et al, Norway. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, 2004 Oct. Read the abstract here. Hypertonic… Continue reading SAH-patients: HyperHaes and reduction in ICP (2004)